Eos squamata Boddaert, 1783

violet-necked lory                   

Subspecies and Distribution:

Eos squamata squamata (Boddaert, 1783) – Gebe (E of Halmahera) and W Papuan Island (Waigeo, Batanta, Kofiau, Misool).

Eos squamata riciniata (Bechstein, 1811) – N Moluccas from Morotai S to Damar, including Widi Island.

Eos squamata obiensis (Rothschild, 1899) – Bisa and Obi, in N Moluccas.


Not globally threatened. CITES II.

According to IUCN is the population stable.

But the riciniata is still being trapped , and sometimes in large numbers.

Eos squamata squamata

violet-necked lory


  • Length: 26-27 cm (10,2 inch)
  • Weight: 105-140 g.

Violet-blue belly and undertail coverts.

Tail above purple-red, brownish-red below.

Scapulars (shoulders) are black-blue.

Greater wing coverts are red, margined and tipped with black.

The beak is orange.

The cere and skin around the eye are grey, the feet are dark grey.

Differs from the riciniata , by it's totally red on the head however sometimes can have a small violet-blue spot, the collar is violet-blue, which can vary a lot from wide to narrow, complete around the neck or only a part.

Also does it have black-blue shoulder feathers.

As you can see in the pictures from the wild, they are looking much closer to Obiensis then riciniata, as some almost have no collar. I have written at the pictures where they have being taken, so there is no confussion later , by saying they are not the nominate.


Only a few single birds. And probably all are mixed with the other 2 subspecies.


6 - 6,5 mm

Eos squamata riciniata

Bechstein violet-necked lory


  • length: 25-26 cm (10 inch).
  • Weight: 100 - 140 gram.

This subspecies have a wide violet-blue collar with some violet-grey shading.

The collar will go to the crown of the head, mostly connected but not always.

Sometimes the violet-blue from the collar can connect to the violet-blue or the belly, the ones with the full blue belly used to be called maju lory (Eos s. atrocaerulea) but are now together with the riciniata.

The shoulders are red in this subspecies.


The most common of the 3 subspecies, however the numbers are declining.


6 - 6,5 mm

Eos squamata obiensis

obi lory


  • Lenght: 25-26 cm (10 inch)
  • Weight: 100 - 140 gram

This subspecies missing the blue collar, however they usually do have still a few blue feathers in the neck.

Some skins in museums have a very narrow collar, but not sure if they are immature or a variation in adult birds.

This subspecies also have black on the shoulders as the nominate.

Sometimes this subspecies will be mistaken with the red lory (Eos bornea), however the Obi lory is smaller, more black on the wings (no blue),  and the biggest difference is the violet-blue on the belly which the red lory don't have.


very rare , and not so many pairs breed, declining.


6 - 6,5 mm


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