Trichoglossus haematodus Linnaeus, 1771

coconut lorikeet                   

New Guinean populations of nominate sometimes separated as race berauensis.

Proposed race caeruleiceps (from SC New Guinea) probably not separable from nigrogularis.

Aberrans included within flavicans.

9 subspecies reconized! But some are still doubtful, (so probably in the future 8 or 7 subspecies).

Subspecies and Distribution:

Trichoglossus haematodus haematodus: (Linnaeus, 1771) – S Moluccas (Buru, Ambon and Seram to Tayandu Islands), W Papuan Islands E to NW, N & S New Guinea, including Geelvink Bay islands (Numfor and Yapen) and, in S, E as far as upper Fly River.

Trichoglossus haematodus intermedius: (Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1901) N New Guinea (Sepik River to Astrolabe Bay) and Manam Island. Race intermedius sometimes included in nominate.

Trichoglossus haematodus nigrogularis : ( G. R. Gray, 1858 ) E Kai Islands, Aru Islands and south New Guinea.

Trichoglossus haematodus brooki: (Ogilvie-Grant, 1907) Known from two caged birds from Trangan Island. (Aru Islands) = probably nigrogularis.

Trichoglossus haematodus nesophilus(Neumann, 1929) Admiralty Islands (Ninigo and Hermit groups).

Trichoglossus haematodus flavicans: (Cabanis & Reichenow, 1876) New Hanover and Admiralty Islands,  in

N Bismarck Archipelago; possibly this subspecies in Nuguria, St Mathias group and Hermit Islands.

Trichoglossus haematodus massena: (Bonaparte, 1854) Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands and Vanuata.

Trichoglossus haematodus micropteryx: (Stresemann, 1922 ) New Guinea e of Huon Peninsula Kimuta and adjacent islands.

Trichoglossus haematodus deplanchii: ( J. P. Verreaux & Des Murs, 1860 ) New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II.

Trichoglossus h. haematodus

green-naped lorikeet


  • Length: 26 cm (10,2 inch)
  • weight: 130-140 g.

Forehead, forecrown, lores and chin are blue.

Throat is blackish-blue.

The area between the crown and the nape is purplish brown.

The feathers of the head or shaft-streaked.

The nuchal collar is greenish-yellow, with in most birds a few red spots , mostly in males.

Red breast with strongly margined with blackish-blue. The red will got further under the wings (without the margins).

The abdomen are green, the lower part is greenish-yellow margined with green.

Inner parts of the thighs are mostly yellow.

Underwing coverts are orange-red with a broad yellow band across the underside of the flight feathers.

Upper parts  including the upper side of the tail are green.

Underside of the tail are is dull olive-yellow and yellow.

Orange-red beak.

Feet , cere and skin surrounding the eyes are grey.

The iris is red.


not common, but avialable.


6 - 6,5 mm


A dilute was bred in Australia by Vicki Murray.

Also in Pakistan is a mutation probably misty or jade bred by Syed  Ovais Bilgrami.

Lutino and greygreen (olive) mutation exist by hybrizations with scaley breasted lorikeet, (or swainson lorikeet).

I also have seen one with a lot of yellow, but after the moult it changed back to normal.

Trichoglossus h. intermedius

(lesser) blue-faced lorikeet

Not always considered distinct from T. h. haematodus.

The blue from the forehead does not extend to the crown.

Nape is brownish, shaft-streaked with olive.

And abdomen darker green.


none, or already crossed out with the nominate.

Trichoglossus h. nigrogularis / Trichoglossus h. caeruleiceps and brooki

                    black-throated lorikeet / blue-headed or pale-headed lorikeet, brook's lorikeet

I have taken these 3 subspecies together because HBW does not reconize the subspecie caeruleiceps no more, but we breeders do call our birds caeruleiceps. Schweizer does still mention the caeruleiceps in his taxonomy. So the pictures are what we breeders call the T. h. caeruleiceps.

The pictures from the wild are taken in Aru so what the original place is for nigrogularis.

The Trichoglossus h. brooki, I also have placed here, HBW still mention the subspecies, but we know better so for this one I make an exception and don't follow HBW, as it is based on two caged birds from Trangan Island.


There is a  misty/jade mutation.


getting rare, however it is an easy species. So with some extra efforts they will stay in aviculture.


6 - 6,5 mm


The first 4 photos are taken by Loïc Degen from Kasoar Travel  in Aru,the area which live the original described nigrogularis, so 100% sure this is the Trichoglossus h. nigrogularis, even if you still think caeruleiceps is a different subspecies. 

Trichoglossus h. flavicans

olive-green lorikeet

They have varying plumage with bronze/yellow to dull green upperparts and undertail coverts; collar yellow; red/brown occiput; purple/blue streaked forehead, lores and area around eyes, remainder of head black, with grey/green streaking; bright red breast with minimal barring.

It's probably an incomplete dominant mutation, maybe misty (jade), or darkgreen - olive.



Trichoglossus h. nesophilus

ninigo lorikeet

As in flavicans but with green upper body, undertail coverts and tail which never vary to bronze/yellow.

Is probably the same as flavicans but  never vary to bronze/yellow (so not a mutation).



Trichoglossus h. micropteryx

southern green-naped Lorikeet

Differ from haematodus by paler body colour, banding on breast narrower, collar more green.



Trichoglossus haematodus massena

massena or coconut lorikeet

As in micropteryx, but have strong brown wash on occiput and nape; collar less yellowish; paler red breast with fine bars of blue/black.


not common, but avialable.


6 mm

Trichoglossus haematodus deplanchii

deplanche's lorikeet or new Caledonian lorikeet

As in massena but with more blue streaking on head, occiput and nape less brown, and less yellow on thighs to undertail coverts; blue/black markings vary on upper abdomen. And a little bigger then massena.




6 - 6,5 mm

other interesting read:

Temporal Variation in Flock Size and Habitat Use of Parrots in New Caledonia

Evidence of multiple introductions of beak and feather disease virus into the Pacific islands of Nouvelle-Caledonie (New Caledonia)


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